Hand Sanitizer FAQ
EuroSpa Aromatics Lavender Eucalyptus-Infused Spray Hand Sanitizer, based on the active ingredient Benzalkonium Chloride, is a unique patented formulation featuring exceptional skin feel, conditioning and moisturizing properties. The efficacy of this product has been confirmed to reduce S. aureus 99.9999% in as little as 15 seconds.
Our Lavender Eucalyptus-Infused Spray Hand Sanitizer is in compliance with the FDA Final Tentative Monograph for OTC Hand Sanitizer preparations (leave-on sanitizers not requiring a rinse).
We’ve received numerous questions regarding our Spray Hand Sanitizer, and the marketing environment for these types of products. Summarized below are some general answers:
About Our Lavender & Eucalyptus-Infused Hand Sanitizer
Why Benzalkonium Chloride-based Hand Sanitizers?
Benzalkonium Chloride is an alcohol-free antimicrobial compound that has been widely used in the healthcare industry for more than 60 years in formulas for preservatives, surface cleaners, sterilizing agents, and leave-on, FDA Monograph anti-bacterial skin treatment products. The chemical properties of Benzalkonium Chloride make it a good candidate for persistent antimicrobial activity in mammalian tissue.
Benzalkonium Chloride-based leave-on Hand Sanitizers have demonstrated efficacy in real-world environments. When evaluated in Elementary School environments where the importance of proper hygiene practices including hand washing is taught and emphasized, the use of non-alcohol Benzalkonium Chloride-based leave-on instant hand sanitizers reduced illness absenteeism 30-40% in double-blind, placebo- controlled studies versus hand washing alone.
What are the advantages of Benzalkonium Chloride-based over alcohol-based hand sanitizers?
- History: Benzalkonium Chloride-based hand sanitizers have several distinct advantages over alcohol-based hand sanitizers. While both product forms are FDA Monograph for leave-on products, fast-acting and allow for use without water or towels, Benzalkonium Chloride-based products are non-flammable, non-damaging to skin, are persistent, and will not stain clothing or flooring.
- Effectiveness: EuroSpa Aromatics Lavender & Eucalyptus-Infused Spray Hand Sanitizer Benzalkonium Chloride-based instant Hand Sanitizer is non-flammable. An internet search for alcohol-based Hand Sanitizers and fire will produce multiple hits. Flash fires associated with use of alcohol-based hand hygiene products can have potentially severe consequences for health care workers and their patients. A published example reported an incidence of flash fire associated with the use of an alcohol-based hand antiseptic agent. The fire occurred when a spark of static electricity ignited the alcohol-based hand gel on the hand of a health care worker who had just removed a 100% polyester gown. The health care worker put the pre-measured amount of alcohol-based hand gel in the palm of her hand from a wall-mounted dispenser. She then removed the 100% polyester gown, placed it on a metal surface, and began rubbing the gel onto both hands. While her hands were damp, she pulled open a metal sliding door, heard an audible static spark, saw a flash of light, and experienced spontaneous flames on the palm of one hand. After the incident, the palm showed redness but no blisters. Flames singed the hair on her arm.
- Skin Irritation: Alcohol-based hand sanitizers are effective for occasional use, but long-term, frequent use of the alcohol products can cause skin irritation. Alcohol solubilizes and strips away sebum and lipids that guard against bacterial infections of the skin. Extensive use of alcohol-based hand sanitizers actually increases the skin’s susceptibility to infection by transient disease-causing bacteria. This situation can increase the chances of spreading disease-causing microorganisms among patients.
- Effectiveness and residual activity: Alcohol-based hand sanitizers stop working the instant they dry. The leading manufacturer of alcohol-based hand sanitizers claims that their product kills 99.99% of most common germs that may cause disease in as little as 15 seconds. Alcohol-based hand sanitizers dry in 8-10 seconds, and fall below the efficacious concentration of alcohol in seconds. It has been reported that alcohol-based hand sanitizers offer no residual protection, and that if your hands feel dry after rubbing them together for 15 seconds, an insufficient volume of alcohol gel was likely applied(1). EuroSpa Aromatics Spray Hand Sanitizer Benzalkonium Chloride-based hand sanitizer dries fast, but 10-15 seconds slower than alcohol-based hand sanitizers allowing more than the minimum contact time for complete efficacious coverage, including under fingernails. Additionally, Benzalkonium Chloride-based hand sanitizers deliver 2 to 4 hours of residual protection.Published studies report that Benzalkonium Chloride-based hand sanitizers demonstrated greater sustained antibacterial activity than gelled alcohol-based hand sanitizers that actually became less effective with repeated use and made the skin dirtier, not cleaner due to removal of protective natural skin oils and entrapment of dead skin cells by the polymer thickeners used in the gelled alcohol-based products.
In the referenced study to simulate repeated usage, an alcohol-based and alcohol-free Benzalkonium Chloride- based hand sanitizer were compared. In the study, subject’s hands were repeatedly inoculated with bacteria followed by application of hand sanitizer, then evaluated for antimicrobial effectiveness. The antimicrobial efficacy of the alcohol-based hand sanitizer showed a markedly decreased antimicrobial efficacy with subsequent contamination and decontamination cycles, whereas the alcohol-free Benzalkonium Chloride-based hand sanitizer showed a steady increase in antibacterial efficacy.
In addition to these objective results, subjects were asked to subjectively evaluate the condition of their hands after the completion of the test protocol. 47% of the subjects who had completed the test protocol with the alcohol-based hand sanitizer reported palmar pain or discomfort, and tended to indicate some discomfort in palmar surfaces for one to several days after the test. In contrast, none of the subjects that used the alcohol-free Benzalkonium Chloride-based formula reported any pain or discomfort of their hands after completing the test protocol(2).
- Benzalkonium Chloride-based hand sanitizers had a greater sustained antibacterial activity than alcohol-based hand sanitizers.
- Alcohol-based hand sanitizers became less effective with repeated use and irritated the hands of subjects. Benzalkonium Chloride-based hand sanitizers became more effective without irritation after repeated use.
Is EuroSpa Aromatics Spray Hand Sanitizer Effective?
EuroSpa Aromatics Lavender & Eucalyptus-Infused Spray Hand Sanitizer is very efficient at reducing bacteria on the skin, effective against a broad range of pathogenic bacteria in as little as 15 seconds with the active ingredient Benzalkonium Chloride, an active ingredient shown to have greater efficacy at antibacterial activity than alcohol-based hand sanitizers.
Is EuroSpa Aromatics Spray Hand Sanitizer Safe for Use?
EuroSpa Aromatics Lavender & Eucalyptus-Infused Spray Hand Sanitizer is very effective at reducing bacteria on the skin, yet very gentle on the skin and eyes as it is alcohol-free.
What are the common germs, organisms and bacteria that are reduced or killed by your Benzalkonium Chloride-based hand sanitizer?
In a recent Time Kill Study conducted, the results showed that the following organisms were reduced by 99.9% to 99.9999%:
- Campylobacter jejuni
- Clostridium difficile
- Enterococcus faecalis Vancomycin Resistant (VRE)
- Escherichia coli
- Escherichia coli O157:H7
- Klebsiella pneumoniae
- Listeria monocytogenes
- Pseudomonas aeruginosa
- Salmonella choleraesuis serotype enteritidis
- Salmonella choleraesuis serotype paratyphi
- Salmonella choleraesuis serotype pullorum
- Salmonella choleraesuis serotype typhimurium
- Salmonella typhi
- Shigella dysenteriae
- Shigella flexneri
- Shigella sonnei
- Staphylococcus aureus
- Staphylococcus aureus Methicillin Resistant (MRSA)
- Staphylococcus aureus Community Associated Methicillin Resistant (MRSA)
- Staphylococcus epidermidis
- Streptococcus pneumonia
- Streptococcus pyogenes
- Vibrio cholera
- Xanthomonas axonopodis (Citrus Canker)
- Yersinia enterocolitica